For decades, women have been struggling for the right to participate in democracy as much as men. Much has changed since 1893, when New Zealand gave women the right to vote. Shortly after the First World War, women from many countries of the world enjoyed the right to vote, for example in Czechoslovakia.

In the Czechoslovak constitution, the right to vote for women was introduced on 29th February 1920. Today on 29th February 2020, on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of this milestone in women's rights, we published this map. During the 20th century, most women in the world enjoyed the right to vote. On the way to those rights, women overcame many prejudices, racism, constraints and rage. However, there are still countries where not only women but even men cannot vote. This applies to some absolute monarchies such as Brunei. Recently, in 2011, Saudi Arabia joined the countries where women can vote and be elected.

Sources: Map is based on original research of Queer Geography. Last update February 2020. 

Recommended quotation:
Queer Geography: Tereza Teichmannová and Michal Pitoňák, Map of global chronology of the acquisition of women's right to vote, 2020.

Equal rights years
Name of the country Year of equal rightsNote
New Zealand 1893 
Niue (NZ) 1893 
Tokelau (NZ) 1893 
Finland 1906 
Åland (FI) 1906 
Norway 1907Special conditions related to private mans, property, and income. Those restrictions were removed in 1913.
Svalbard and Jan Mayen (NO) 1907Special conditions related to private mans, property, and income. Those restrictions were removed in 1913.
Denmark 1915In 1908 local authorities.
Faroe Islands (DK) 1915 
Greenland (DK) 1915 
Iceland 1915 
Kyrgyzstan 1918 
Austria 1918 
Estonia 1918 
Georgia 1918 
Germany 1918 
Hungary 1918 
Latvia 1918 
Poland 1918 
Russia 1918 
United Kingdom 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
Gibraltar (UK) 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
Pitcairn Islands (UK) 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
British Indian Ocean Territory (UK) 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
Jersey 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
Isle of Man 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
Guernsey 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
Montserrat 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
Anguilla 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
Cayman Islands (UK) 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
Turks and Caicos (UK) 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
Bermuda 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates ), equality in rights in 1928.
British Virgin Islands (UK) 1918Right to vote granted in 1918 (over 30 years of age + qualification estimates), equality in rights in 1928.
Belarus 1919 
Luxembourg 1919 
Netherlands 1919 
Aruba 1919 
Caribbean Netherlands 1919 
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 1919 
Sweden 19191862/1918 “local elections”/May 1919 “granted”/1921 “in effect”.
Ukraine 1919 
Curaçao 1919 
Albania 1920 
Czechia 1920 
Slovakia 1920 
USA 1920 
Northern Mariana Islands (USA) 1920 
US Virgin Islands (USA) 1920 
Guam (USA) 1920 
American Samoa (USA) 1920 
Armenia 1921 
Azerbaijan 1921 
Lithuania 1921 
Kazakhstan 1924 
Mongolia 1924 
Tajikistan 1924 
Saint Lucia 1924 
Turkmenistan 1927 
Ireland 1928In 1918 women over 30 years of age.
Ecuador 1929Some sources 1967 - mandatory voting.
Puerto Rico 1929Since 1929 literate women, since 1932 all women.
Turkey 1930 
Sri Lanka 1931 
Portugal 1931In 1931, women were given the right to vote and stand for election, with the restriction that they had to have completed secondary or higher education (men only had to know how to read and write). All citizens who were literate were granted the right to vote and stand for election in 1934. Some restrictions on women, however, remained for election to certain local administrative authorities under a 1968 law. Full equality of the sexes with regard to the franchise and right of election to all people was achieved in 1976.
Spain 1931 
Maldives 1932 
Thailand 1932 
Uruguay 1932 
Brazil 1934 
Cuba 1934 
Myanmar 1935 
Philippines 1937 
Uzbekistan 1938 
Salvador 1939 
Panama 1941In 1941 only educated women, 1946 restrictions lifted.
Dominican republic 1942 
Bulgaria 1944 
France 1944 
French Guiana 1944 
Saint Barthelemy (FR) 1944 
Reunion (FR) 1944 
Mayotte (FR) 1944 
Martinique (FR) 1944 
Guadeloupe (FR) 1944 
French Polynesia 1944 
French Southern and Antarctic Lands 1944 
Saint Martin (French part) 1944 
Wallis and Futuna (FR) 1944 
Jamaica 1944 
new Caledonia 1944 
senegal 1945 
Togo 1945 
Indonesia 1945 
Croatia 1945 
Italy 1945 
Slovenia 1945 
Cameroon 1946 
Djibouti 1946 
Liberia 1946 
South Korea 1946 
Vietnam 1946 
Kosovo 1946In 1946 women of Yugoslavia were granted voting rights.
Northern Macedonia 1946 
Montenegro 1946In 1946 women of Yugoslavia were granted voting rights.
Romania 1946In 1929 restricted electoral rights. In 1946 under the same conditions as men.
Serbia 1946 
Guatemala 1946 
Trinidad and Tobago 1946 
Venezuela 1946 
Japan 19471945 for the House of Representatives. 1947 for the House of Councillors.
Pakistan 1947 
Singapore 1947 
Taiwan 1947 
Malta 1947 
Argentina 1947 
Mexico 1947Women were permitted to vote in some local and state elections at an earlier date. Yucatan and San Luis Potosi were the first states to extend the franchise, in 1922 and 1923 respectively.
Tuvalu 1947 
Niger 1948 
Seychelles 1948 
Israel 1948 
North Korea 1948 
Belgium 1948Right to vote in national elections to the widows and mothers of servicemen killed in World War I, to the widows and mothers of citizens shot or killed by the enemy, and to female political prisoners who had been held by the enemy. Right to vote extended to all women with the same conditions applied to men.
Suriname 1948 
China 1949 
Syria 1949Women who had reached a sixth-grade educational level; it was then extended to all literate women, and in 1953 all educational restrictions on voting were lifted for women.
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1949 
Costa Rica 1949 
Chile 1949 
India 1950 
Barbados 1950 
Haiti 1950 
Nepal 1951 
Antigua and Barbuda 1951 
Dominika 1951 
Grenada 1951 
Saint Kitts and Nevis 1951 
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1951 
Ivory Coast 1952 
Lebanon 1952 
Greece 1952 
Bolivia 1952In 1938 only educated women with certain high of income, 1952 restrictions lifted
Bhutan 1953 
Guyana 1953 
Ghana 1954 
Belize 1954 
Colombia 1954 
Eritrea 1955 
Ethiopia 1955 
Cambodia 1955 
Honduras 1955 
Nicaragua 1955 
Peru 1955 
Benin 1956 
Comoros 1956 
Egypt 1956 
Gabon 1956 
Mali 1956 
Mauritius 1956 
Somalia 1956 
Zimbabwe 1957Before 1957 (“Only men and European women”)/After 1957 (“a qualified right to vote was gradually extended over the years to black women”).
Malaysia 1957 
Burkina Faso 1958 
CAD 1958 
Guinea 1958 
Iraq 1958Government overthrown during the summer of 1958, before any elections with female participation
Laos 1958 
Madagascar 1959 
Tanzania 1959 
Tunisia 1959 
San Marino 1959 
Gambia 1960 
Cyprus 1960 
Canada 1960In 1917 women who had close male relatives serving in the military were granted the right to vote at the federal level. In 1918 most women won the federal vote, but most Aboriginal women excluded. In 1950 Right to vote extended only if they waived their tax exemption under the Indian Act. In August 1960, the unqualified extension of federal voting rights.
Tonga 1960 
Burundi 1961 
Malawi 1961 
Mauritania 1961 
Rwanda 1961 
Sierra Leone 1961 
Paraguay 1961 
Algeria 1962 
Uganda 1962 
Zambia 1962 
Monaco 1962 
Bahamas 1962 
Australia 1962In 1902 were white women granted voting rights, in 1962 were granted all women and also all aboriginals voting rights.
Christmas Island (AU) 1962In 1902 were white women granted voting rights, in 1962 were granted all women and also all aboriginals voting rights.
Cocos (AU) 1962In 1902 were white women granted voting rights, in 1962 were granted all women and also all aboriginals voting rights.
Norfolk Island (AU) 1962In 1902 were white women granted voting rights, in 1962 were granted all women and also all aboriginals voting rights.
Heard Island and McDonald Islands (AU) 1962In 1902 were white women granted voting rights, in 1962 were granted all women and also all aboriginals voting rights.
Cooks Islands 1962In 1902 were white women granted voting rights, in 1962 were granted all women and also all aboriginals voting rights.
West Africa 1963Territory under Maroccan control.
Republic of Congo 1963 
Equatorial Guinea 1963 
Kenya 1963The right to vote and stand for office had been given to European women in Kenya in 1919; in 1956, those rights were extended to African men and women under certain conditions related to educational level and property ownership. In 1963, all Kenyans, regardless of color and other previously restricting factors, were given the right to vote and stand for election.
Morocco 1963 
Iran 1963 
Fiji 1963 
Libya 1964 
South Sudan 1964 
Sudan 1964 
Papua New Guinea 1964 
Botswana 1965 
Lesotho 1965 
Afghanistan 1965Revoked during Taliban rule from 1996 to 2001.
Democratic Republic of Congo 1967 
Kiribati 1967 
Swaziland 1968 
Nauru 1968 
Yemen 1970Until 1990 there existed two Yemen republics: People´s republic of Yemen (1967) and Arab Republic of Yemen (1970).
Andorra 1970 
Switzerland 1971 
Bangladesh 1972 
Jordan 1974Women actually exercised the right to vote and stand for election for the first time in 1989.
Angola 1975 
Cape Verde 1975 
Mozambique 1975 
São Tomé and Príncipe 1975 
Vanuatu 1975 
Guinea-Bissau 1977 
Nigeria 1978Southern Nigeria (1958), Northern Nigeria (1978).
Moldova 1978 
Solomon Islands 1978 
Marshall Islands 1979 
Micronesia 1979 
Palau 1979 
Lichtenstein 1984Last country in Europe to grant women suffrage.
Central African Republic 1986 
Namibia 1989 
Samoa 1990 
South Africa 1994White women (1930), Inds + crossbreds women(1984), black women (1994).
Oman 1997 
Catarrh 1999 
Bahrain 2002 
East Timor 2002 
Kuwait 2005 
United Arab Emirates 2006 
Hong Kong 2007 
Saudi Arabia 2011First elections where women could vote were held in 2015.
Brunei (unknown) 
Palestinian territories (unknown)Women posses the right to vote same as men.
Vatican (unknown)